Gilles de la tourette syndrome

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Gilles de la Tourette syndrome.

gilles de la tourette syndrome

Tourette syndrome is named for Georges Gilles de la Tourette, who first described this disorder in The disorder is likely passed down.

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Thank you for visiting nature. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer. In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript. A Nature Research Journal. Gilles de la Tourette syndrome GTS is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder that is characterized by several motor and phonic tics.

Alternative titles; symbols. Other entities represented in this entry:. Tourette syndrome is a neurobehavioral disorder manifest particularly by motor and vocal tics and associated with behavioral abnormalities. Tics are sudden, brief, intermittent, involuntary or semi-voluntary movements motor tics or sounds phonic or vocal tics. They typically consist of simple, coordinated, repetitive movements, gestures, or utterances that mimic fragments of normal behavior. Motor tics may range from simple blinking, nose twitching, and head jerking to more complex throwing, hitting, or making rude gestures. Phonic tics include sniffling, throat clearing, blowing, coughing, echolalia, or coprolalia.

Gilles de la Tourette disease is one of its most frequent causes. It combines motor and vocal tics, with no identifiable cause , with self-mutilation and variable psychiatric comorbidity that may include obsessive-compulsive disorder OCD and other anxiety disorders, mood and personality disorders, and a syndrome of hyperactivity with attention disorders. The prevalence of Tourette syndrome is estimated at 0. The condition begins during childhood and develops in a succession of periods of relative aggravation and remission of the tics. Most patients show improvement at the end of adolescence, but symptoms can persist into adulthood in approximately one third of patients.

Kevin St. McNaught, Ph. The 19th century was a remarkable period for neurology because it was during this period that many of the brain disorders known today were either discovered, recognized as disease entities or were clearly documented in the medical literature. Many physicians and scientists contributed to this work, but much credit is attributed to Jean-Martin Charcot , a brilliant and prolific French neurologist who is often considered to be the father of modern neurology 1. Charcot studied and lectured on nervous system disorders, and attended to patients with a wide range of neurological illnesses 1.

What is Tourette syndrome? What are the symptoms? What is the course of TS? Can people with TS control their tics? What causes TS? What disorders are associated with TS? How is TS diagnosed?

Tourette syndrome is a condition that causes a person to make repeated, quick movements or sounds that they cannot control. Tourette syndrome is named for Georges Gilles de la Tourette, who first described this disorder in The disorder is likely passed down through families. The syndrome may be linked to problems in certain areas of the brain. It may have to do with chemical substances dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine that help nerve cells signal one another. Tourette syndrome can be either severe or mild. Many people with very mild tics may not be aware of them and never seek medical help.

Tourette syndrome

Gilles de la Tourette : quel est ce syndrome ? - Ca commence aujourd'hui



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